It has become very important to rely on wind energy to supply electricity, and due to the home wind turbine’s ability to deliver a significant amount of power compared to solar panels, it is better to use because of their ease of installation and they do not require a big area in the house. As for solar energy, wind systems requires an area whether it is rooftop or mount ground.,
Another second factor that you need to know is the availability of wind speed during the whole year in your location.
Because as you know the wind is like the fuel so you won’t get any good electricity without wind.
I have therefore mentioned in the previous article these factors to consider before deciding if it is a good fit for you or not.
So, To be able to take full advantage of your small wind turbines, better install them well. During this stage, several parameters come online from an account, including wind and location of implantation. Indeed, for working at full capacity, the wind turbines must be implanted in an open area, where the average wind breath in a constant and sustained manner. On the other hand, although more complicated, due to the particularity of winds in urban areas, the installation in town is quite feasible.
#1.Procedures before installing
Before embarking on the implementation of your home wind turbine, you should carry out certain procedures. So, a building permit is essential when the wind turbine measures more than12 m high. In this case, contact the town hall of the location. As this approval is difficult to obtain, it is better to call on the services of seasoned professionals. On the other hand, if the selected model is of a lower height, only a prior declaration of work will be claimed.
Likewise, in the event of connection to the grid, the request must be made in the prefecture, otherwise in the town hall. Neither should the neighborhood be forgotten. In fact, the sight of a wind turbine and the noise generated may eventually become a nuisance. An acoustic assessment, as well as an information process, or even choosing a more distant location may avoid you many inconveniences.
A wind turbine, even efficient and well designed, will not provide the electricity you need if it is not installed in a suitable place.
Before installing wind turbines, or choose the power of the machine, a study of wind is inescapable. It allows you to size the installation as well as possible and to adapt its power to your needs, but also to the winds. This study makes it possible to determine the most exposed location.
To do this, it’s initially necessary to spot the location on that you would like to line up, then there install a mast of regarding ten m for one month, on which can be mounted a weathervane, AN wind gauge, and a central acquisition unit. information|the info|the information} still collected are recorded and correlated with historical data from the observation post nighest to the placement.
Now The main important Questions are: Can You Measure the wind speed in your location and what kind of anemometer you should use? Can you know the air direction and what s the name of the device I use also? to know this read how to measure the wind speed?
An anemometer must be installed at the top of the tower of the wind turbine or on a long pole so that it records the wind speeds of the altitude on which it is installed. The commonly two anemometers are :
- Cup anemometers
- Sonic Anemometers
What Data a nearby weather station will give you?
The report given by the nearest weather station for the installation site will then be provided, containing, for example,
- The average speed.(m /s)
- The wind frequency curve.
- location proposals.
- The potential of the site.
The minimum and maximum wind speed for the wind turbine to generate electricity..
On average, a private wind turbine starts with winds of 6.22 m/h(2.77 m/s) to 9.32 m/h (4.17 m/s) . It is therefore not advisable to install one if the average blowing wind at the location is lower than these values.
A home wind turbine must be able to catch the most wind possible, without endangering neither people nor facilities surrounding areas. Thus, several parameters must be taken into account in the choice of the place
location: wind, height, clearance, the presence of dwellings, etc.
The wind turbine for individuals must first
be installed as high as possible, without
change the size of the mast or pylon.
So you can start by using any reliefs present on the
Then, to be able to capture the winds as much as possible, the blades must be located in an open environment. Thus, we generally consider that they must protrude at least 2 m from the surrounding obstacles.
Finally, to ensure the safety of goods and people, the space surrounding the wind turbine must also be cleared. This surrounding safety perimeter must be equal to the height of the mast.
Home wind turbines In the city
Those who do not live in rural areas or who do not have a garden in town can also benefit from
Although still limited, this option is nevertheless possible, even if several problems come into play
consideration, in particular, the presence of homes nearby and weak, turbulent winds.
Manufacturers, however, are working to improve existing systems to meet the demand of urban people.
In this configuration, the ideal choice remains the vertical wind turbine. Can be installed easily and safely on a roof, it also picks up light winds, even turbulent.
However, we can also opt for a horizontal wind turbine and the fix on the edge of the facade, making it protrude from the roof. We then use the same system as for a satellite antenna: the wind turbine
is fixed on a pole, itself hung on the facade thanks to the fasteners wall, or on the fireplace thanks to a strapping. But this solution is less profitable and less secure.
ِ#2.Connection with the Grid
The connection to the grid is the Blackspot of the home wind turbine, the connection to the electrical network is a sensitive issue today.
In addition to tedious procedures wind turbines (domestic or not) that comply with certain conditions can resell their surplus to the supplier. to operate a wind turbine for particular on the mode of resale
to a Grid without having a contract is strictly prohibited.
Which electrical Grid and how do I connect?
Home Wind turbine connection for individuals to the electricity grid is not there only option you have. Indeed, you can create a parallel Grid this is the easiest solution in many situations – a temporary grid
or even an autonomous grid.
The parallel grid consists of keeping the classic grid, on the one hand, and supplying part of their needs with the wind turbine, on the other hand. So alone part of the needs is supplied by the wind turbine, such as lighting or special electrical outlets.
An emergency bypass and a battery charger connected to the conventional Grid can then be of great help in the event of insufficient production.
A temporary network consists of installing a box that will transfer all consumption on the wind turbine or on the conventional network. Concretely, when the wind turbine batteries are charged, the unit drifts consumption on the wind turbine, but when a certain level of discharge is reached, it switches to the network automatically.
In the end , an off-grid system is more reserved for sites isolated sites, or for very limited use, such as a small vacation home. All your needs are then covered by the wind turbine.
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